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Saturday, May 22, 2021



Disaster as defined by the United Nations is a serious impediment to the functioning of a community or society, including wider human, physical, economic or environmental influences that exceed the ability of the affected community or society to use its own resources [1]. Disaster management is the process by which we say how we deal with the human, physical, economic or environmental effects of a disaster, how we are "prepared, responding and learning from the effects of a major failure" [2]. However, disasters that are often caused by nature can lead to human origin. According to the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies when a crisis affects people in distress. A combination of risks, vulnerabilities and disabilities, to reduce the potential negative consequences of disaster risk outcomes []].

(Ambiguity + hazard) / capacity = disaster []]

Natural disasters and armed conflict have marked human existence throughout history and have always raised peaks in death and disability. This article examines the progress of the humanitarian response to public health over the past fifty years and the challenges currently being handled by natural disasters and armed conflict []].

Types of Disasters

Natural disasters

According to the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, natural disasters are caused by natural or rapid or slow onset events that have an immediate effect on human health and secondary effects leading to more deaths and suffering. These disasters can be []]:

Geophysical (e.g. earthquakes, landslides, tsunamis and volcanic activity)

Hydrological (e.g. avalanches and floods)

Meteorology (e.g. extreme temperatures, droughts and wildfires)

Meteorology (e.g. Cyclones and Storms / Wave Surge)

Biological (e.g. disease epidemics and insect / animal infestation)

United Nations Office Fees for Disaster Risk Reduction characterize natural disasters in terms of their severity or intensity, onset speed, duration and extent area e.g. Earthquakes are short-lived and usually affect relatively small areas while droughts are slow to develop and perish and mostly affect large areas [1].

Man-made disasters

Man-made disasters, as observed by the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, are human-caused disasters that occur in or near human settlements that often occur as a result of environmental or technological crises. These [3] may include:

Environmental degradation


Accidents (e.g. Industrial, technical and transportation are usually associated with the production, use or transportation of hazardous materials)

Critical emergencies

Some disasters can result from a number of hazards, or, more often, a complex combination of both natural and man-made causes that include breaches of power, plunder and conflict situations, and attacks on strategic installations, including war. These may include []]:

Food insecurity


Armed conflict

Displaced population

According to the ICRC, this complex is characterized by an emergency characteristic []]:

Widespread violence

Population displacement

Losing a life

Extensive damage to both society and the economy

Multiple agencies need large-scale, humanitarian assistance

Political and military barriers that affect or prevent humanitarian aid

Increased security risks for humanitarian relief workers

Epidemic crisis

Epidemic (from the Greek πᾶν page "all" and δῆμος demo "people") is an infectious disease epidemic that spreads over a wide area, can affect human populations or animal populations and can affect health and disrupt economic services Can. And social costs. It may be an abnormal or unexpected increase in cases of infectious disease that already exists in a particular region or population, or it may also refer to the appearance of a significant number of cases of infectious disease in that region or population. Usually free from that disease. Epidemic crises can occur as a result of natural or man-made disasters. These include the following epidemics: []] []]



Avian flu


Dengue fever


Yellow fever

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19)

Aspects of Disaster Management

The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies endangers disaster management because of all humanitarian aspects of the crisis to mitigate the effects of the disaster, especially as resources, resources and management for preparedness, response and recovery. .

Disaster Management.gif []]

Disaster prevention

"Complete mitigation of adverse effects of hazards and related disasters [1]"

UIISDR Disaster mitigation is seen as an idea to engage in activities intended to prevent or avoid potential adverse effects through activities designed to provide for the action taken in advance.

The Ministry of Human Resource Development will provide 1,000,000 days of education to government-run schools over a three-month period to enable female students to receive self-defense classes as well as life skills. This step has been taken under Samagra Shiksha Initiative.

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There are many stories of women facing sexual violence or random assault by a stranger, as well as being abused in some way. In fact, many women who start self-defense training usually choose to start after suffering some kind of attack.


The world is changing and becoming unpredictable. As such, self-defense training should be on every woman's agenda. Due to the graph of crimes against women, not only self-defense training is required, but it is also indicated that they resist any type of sexual assault as well as random attack.

Women being a part of society have the right to live a fearless life. Girls and women always have the image of weak strength without strength. In that case, they need to be powerful with some art to defend themselves.

Martial arts are highly diverse in discipline, training and various techniques. This type of self-defense develops in your brain to understand the attacker’s moves and to act to defend against harm and protect yourself from physical harm.

According to sources, the HRD ministry has decided to give 3,000 3,000 to all government-run schools over a three-month period, where female students will be taught life skills along with self-defense classes. Sources also said that self-defense training would also be imparted at various Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalayas for girls studying in classes 6 to 12 along with girls from socially and economically challenging backgrounds.

Walking home alone and feeling uncomfortable? Getting a weird vibe from a stranger on the bus? Many of us have been there.

In a January 2018 survey of 1,000 women across the country, 81 percent experienced some form of sexual harassment, assault, or both during their lifetime.

Oral harassment was the most common form, but 1 percent of women said they were inadvertently touched or grouped, while 5 percent of women survived sexual assault.

Even if you have never found yourself in a situation that makes you physically insecure, making sure about your next steps (and the unfortunate circumstances that can help you should never make a difference) can make all the difference.

A study by Reagan University found that women who took part in self-defense classes:

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Instead there were better security strategies

They were better equipped to deal with strangers and people in the event of a potential attack or abuse.

There were more positive feelings about her body

Confidence was boosted

Below are the self-defense moves for our top eight women - full of tips - that will make you feel empowered to defend yourself in any situation.

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Learn to develop boundaries, even with people you know

The National Network of Rape, Abuse and Incest reports that 70 percent of sexual violence cases are not committed by random strangers in a dark alley, but by people we know: friends, family, partners, coworkers, etc.

With women, especially young women, facing similar crimes every day, the Ministry of Human Resource Development launched an initiative called Samagra Shiksha. With the help of the initiative, the ministry has decided to impart self-defense lessons to female students in classes 6 to 12.

This can frustrate our guards. We are too shy, too shy or too scared to hurt other people’s feelings that we don’t always think about ourselves.

Some of the essential principles of prevention include:

Awareness. Make sure you are as aware of your environment as possible. Limit interruptions when in place or in other public settings. Don't keep an eye on your phone. Make sure you can hear around you. The keys are ready. Walk with purpose.

Boundaries. Make an issue of asking yourself if someone is bothering you. Be verbal with them. No matter how much you want a friendship or relationship to work, even if it can’t respect your boundaries, it’s something you shouldn’t have in your life.

Where or how to get practice

If someone is approaching you from the side, side or back, basic self-knowledge can put you in a position to defend yourself.

If your area offers Krave Maga or Muay Thai classes, consider signing up. Muay Thai is a Thai fighting game that uses stand-up striking techniques. Crave Mega is a modern self defense system.

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If you want to increase strength and learn self-defense moves in high-intensity situations, check out your local martial arts courses, such as kickboxing or karate.

When equipped with some basic self-defense knowledge, women, young or old,

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